The Original 13 States

Medical marijuana by state.

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The Original 13 States

Postby palmspringsbum » Sun May 14, 2006 2:05 pm

<table class=posttable width=640><col width=0*><col width=230><tr><td class=postcap colspan=2 valign=middle align=center><big><b>12 States Have Legalized<br>Medical Marijuana</b></big>

<big>(Maryland <i>decriminalized</i> with a $100 fine)</big></td><td class=postcell><img src=bin/map-states_small.gif align=right></td></tr></table><table class=posttable valign=top width=640><col width=170><col width=560><tr><td class=postcell valign=middle>

<b><span class=postbold><big>Alaska</big></span></b>
<ul class=postlist>
<li><a class=postlink href= title="Medical Uses of Marijuana." target=_blank>AS 17.37</a></li>

<li><a class=postlink href=*/doc/{t4501}? title="Affirmative defense." target=_blank>AS 11.71.090</a></li>
</ul></td><td class=postcell><span class=postbold><b>Initiative</b>: </span><a class=postlink href= title="Click for full text." target=_blank>Measure 8</a> passed in 1988 with 58% of the vote.

Establishes a <a class=postlink href= title="Alaska's Medical Marijuana WebPage" target=_blank>confidential registry</a>, for patients, a caregiver, and an alternate caregiver. Specifies a list of presumptive conditions, and a method of approval for conditions not listed. Allows minors to register with their parents' consent and supervision. Provides an <i>affirmative defense</i> for <u>registered</u> patients.

Sets a maximum of one ounce of 'usable' marijuana and 6 plants, no more than 3 of which may be 'mature' or flowering.

<span class=postbold><b>Prohibitions:</b></span> Excludes employers, hospitals, correctional facitilites and homes for juveniles, the elderly, and the mentally ill from accomodating marijuana patients. Prohibits public use and any use within 500 feet of a school, recreation or youth area.</td></tr><tr><td class=postcell colspan=2><hr class=postrule></td></tr><tr><td class=postcell>
<span class=postbigbold>California</span>

<ul class=postlist>
<li><a class=postlink href= title="The Compassionate Use Act of 1996." target=_blank>H&S 11362.5</a></li>

<li><a class=postlink href= title="SB 420" target=_blank>H&S 11362.7-11362.83</a></li>
</td><td class=postcell><b><span class=postbold>Initiative</span></b>: <a class=postlink href= title="Proposition 215." target=_blank>Proposition 215</a> passed November 5, 1996 with 56% approval.

Section 11357, relating to the possession of marijuana, and Section 11358, relating to the cultivation of marijuana, shall not apply to a patient, or to a patient's primary caregiver, who possesses or cultivates marijuana for the personal medical purposes of the patient upon the written or oral recommendation or approval of a physician.

<a class=postlink href= title="SB 420" target=_blank>SB 420</a> <b><span class=postbold>Passed the Assembly</b></span>: September 10, 2003, <span class=postbold><b>Passed the Senate</b></span>: September 11, 2003, <span class=postbold><b>Became Law</b></span>: January 1, 2004

Mandates the counties <a class=postlink href= title="California Heath & Safety Code 11362.71" target=_blank>register and issue ID cards</a> and a <a class=postlink href= title="California's Medical Marijuana WebPage" target=_blank>state program</a>. Sets <a class=postlink href= title="California Health & Safety Code 11362.77" target=_blank>statewide 'guidelines'</a> at 6 mature plants or 12 immature plants or 8 ounces of useable bud. It <a class=postlink href= title="California Health & Safety Code 11362.775" target=_blank>legalizes collectives</a>, exempts jails and employers <a class=postlink href= title="California Health & Safety Code 11362.785" target=_blank>from accomodating medical use</a> (<i>... on the property ... or <u>during the hours of</u> employement ...</i>), legalizes smoking marijuana <a class=postlink href= title="California Health & Safety Code 11362.79" target=_blank>where-ever smoking is legal</a> except: within 1,000 feet of a school, church or recreation area; in an automobile that is operating; or in a boat.</td></tr><tr><td class=postcell colspan=2><hr class=postrule></td></tr><tr><td class=postcell><span class=postbold><big><b>Colorado</b></big></span>
<ul class=postlist>
<li><a class=postlink href= title="Colorado Constitution, Title XVIII, Section 14" target=_blank>Title XVIII,<br>Section 14</li></ul></td><td class=postcell><span class=postbold><b>Initiative</b></span>: Amendment 20 was approved November 7, 2000, adding Section 14 to Title XVIII of the Colorado Constitution.

It specifies conditions for which marijuana may be used, and requires approval by the state health agency for any condition not specified within 180 days of petition. It 'excepts' patients and caregivers from Colorado criminal laws regarding marijuana, physicians for discussing and recommending it, and property to produce or use it; providing an 'affirmative defense'. It establishes a <a class=postlink href= title="Colorado's Medical Marijuana WebPage" target=_blank>confidential registry</a>. It sets limits at 2 ounces of <i>usable marijuana</i> and 6 plants, no more than 3 of which may be in bloom. It prohibits use anywhere <i>"open to the public"</i> or <i>"in plain view"</i> and sets a penalty of revocation for 1 year for violations. It sets additional requirements for patients under 18. It exempts employers from any requirement to accomodate marijuana use in any workplace.</td></tr><tr><td class=postcell colspan=2><hr class=postrule></td></tr><tr><td class=postcell><span class=postbold><b><big>Hawaii</big></b></span>
<ul class=postlist>
<li><a class=postlink href= title="Click for full text." target=_blank>HRS 329</a></li>
</ul></td><td class=postcell>Hawaii was the first state to legalize marijuana by a <span class=postbold><b>bill passed by the legislature</b></span> rather than by initative. It was signed by the governor June 14, 2000.

Defines adequate supply as 3 mature plants, 4 immature plants, and one ounce of usable marijuana per each mature plant. Sets additional requirements for patients under 18. Prohibits use: in any moving vehicle; in the workplace; on school grounds; in any public place including parks, recreation areas, beaches, and youth centers. <a class=postlink href= title="Hawaii's Physicians Medical Marijuana Guidelines." target=_blank>Requires physicians to report patients</a> with the Department of Public Safety, and <a class=postlink href= title="Hawaii Medical Marijuana Rules" target=_blank>patients to register</a> with this department and sets a maximum fee of $25 for registration fees. Requires changes in information to be reported within 5-days. Provides an affirmative defense and requires that any property seized be returned upon success of the affirmative defense.</td></tr><tr><td class=postcell colspan=2><hr class=postrule></td></tr><tr><td class=postcell><span class=postbold><b><big>Maine</big></b></span>
<ul class=postlist>
<li><a class=postlink href= title="Click for full text" target=_blank>Title 22
Section 2384-B</a></li></ul></td><td class=postcell><span class=postbold><b>Initiative</b></span>: The <a class=postlink href= title="The Maine Marijuana Act of 1998" target=_blank>The Maine Marijuana Act</a> was approved (yes - 61.4%, no - 38.6%) November 2, 1999 and took effect December 22, 1999.

It allows patients with nausea, vomiting, waisting syndrom, or loss of appetite from AIDS or cancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy; or glaucoma, seizures, or muscle spasms to seek and obtain a written recommendation from a physician. Provides for patients under 18 and caregivers. It prohibits use in public and in <i>a workplace where such use is not permitted</i>. It provides an affirmative defense for possession of 2.5 ounces and cultivation of 6 plants, no more than 3 of which may be in bloom.</td></tr><tr><td class=postcell colspan=2><hr class=postrule></td></tr><tr><td class=postcell><span class=postbold><b><big>Maryland</big></b></span>
<ul class=postlist>
<li><a class=postlink href= title="Click for full text." target=_blank>5-601</a>, <a class=postlink href= title="Click for full text." target=_blank>5-619</a></li></ul></td><td class=postcell><span class=postbold><b>Enacted:</b></span> October 1, 2003

<a class=postlink href= title="Click for text." target=_blank>SB 502</a> didn't actually legalize medical marijuana. It modified Title 5 Subtitle 6 of Maryland Criminal Law to allow a judge to find <i>medical necessity</i> for possession only (not cultivation or anything else) of cannabis and paraphernalia to use it, setting the maximum fine at $100. <i><a class=postlink href= title="Click for article." target=_blank>See Article</a></i></td></tr><tr><td class=postcell colspan=2><hr class=postrule></td></tr><tr><td class=postcell><span class=postbold><big><b>Montana</b></big></span>
<ul class=postlist>
<li><a class=postlink href= title="Montanta Code Annotated, Title 50, Chapter 46 - Montana Medical Marijuana Act" target=_blank>MCA Title 50<br>Chapter 46</a></li></ul>
</td><td class=postcell><span class=postbold><b>Initiative:</b></span> <a class=postlink href= "Click for full text of The Montana Medical Marijuana Act." target=_blank>I-148</a> was approved November 2, 2004 with 62% of the vote and took effect immediately.

Includes the typical short list of conditions, and requires additional conditions be approved <u>by rule</u>. Exempts patients for <i>"acquisition, possession, cultivation, manufacture, use, delivery, transfer, or transportation of marijuana or paharphernalia"</i>. Specifies only one caregiver (18 or over with no drug felonies) per patient. Establishes <a class=postlink href= title="Click for Montana's Medical Marijuana WebPage" target=_blank>a program</a> in the Department of Health and Human Services to issue <a class=postlink href= title="Application for Montana's Medical Marijuana Program" target=_blank>registry identification cards</a>. Specifies in order for a minor to be a patient their parent or guardian must also be their caregiver. Sets limits for patient and caregiver at 6 plants and 1 ounce <u>each</u>, not including seeds, stalks, or roots. Recognizes the cards "or equivalent" of other states.

<span class=postbold><b>Prohibitions:</b></span class=postbold> Operating a car, boat, or aircraft under the influence. <u>Smoking</u> on a school bus or other public transportation; on school grounds; in correctional facilities; any public beach, park, recreation or youth center. Employers not required to accomodate <u>in any workplace</u> nor insurers to reimburse.</td></tr><tr><td class=postcell colspan=2><hr class=postrule><tr><td class=postcell><span class=postbold><b><big>Nevada</big></b></span>
<ul class=postlist>
<li><a class=postlink href= title="Nevada Revised Statues, Chapter 453A" target=_blank>NRS 453A</a></li></ul></td><td class=postcell><b><span class=postbold>Initiative</span></b>: <a class=postlink href= title="Nevada Measure 9" target=_blank>Measure 9</a> was approved by 65% of Nevada voters on November 7, 2000 and took effect October 1, 2001, making Nevada the 9th state to legalize medical marijuana. Additionally, the new law decriminalized possession of an ounce or less, which was previously a state felony. (In 2002, <a class=postlink href= title="Marijuana Policy Project WebSite" target=_blank>MPP</a> sponsored <a class=postlink href= title="MPP's Question 9." target=_blank>Question 9</a>, which would have legalized up to 3 ounces for any use. It failed, 60% against.)

Allows osteopaths and physicians to recommend, and defines primary caregiver as someone other than the recommending physician. Exempts patients with a <a class=postlink href= title="Nevada Revised Statue 453A, Section 050" target=_blank>presumptive debility</a>, or one <a class=postlink href= title="Nevada Revised Statue 453A, Section 710" target=_blank>approved by petition</a> who <a class=postlink href= title="Nevada's Medical Marijuana WebPage" target=_blank>are registered</a> with The Department of Agriculture, from prosecution for production, delivery, and possession of up to 3 blooming plants, 4 clones, and ONE ounce of <i>useable</i> marijuana (not including stalks or roots, but including seeds, leaves, and flowers.), and paraphernalia. Provides an <a class=postlink href= title="NRS 453A Section 310" target=_blank>affirmative defense</a> for amounts exceeding and for unregistered patients. Applicants and primary caregivers with a prior conviction of selling a controlled substance will be denied. Directs the University of Nevada's School of Medicine to obtain federal approval to research the medical use of marijuana using Nevada residents. Directs the Nevada Department of Agriculture to obtain federal approval to establish a seed bank and produce and deliver medical marijuana to patients.

<span class=postbold><b>Prohibitions:</b></span> Use while operating a boat or automobile, in public or public view, and in correctional facilites. Possessing a firearm. Diversion. Employers not required to accomodate <u>use</u> in the workplace. Insurers not required to reimburse for costs.</td></tr><tr><td class=postcell colspan=2><hr class=postrule></td></tr><tr><td class=postcell><span class=postbold><big><b>Oregon</b></big></span><ul class=postlist>
<li><a class=postlink href= title="Oregon Revised Statue 475.300." target=-blank>ORS 475.300</a></li>

<li><a class=postlink href= title="Administrative Rules" target=_blank>Section 8</a></li></td></ul></td><td class=postcell><b><span class=postbold>Initiative</span></b>: <a class=postlink href= title="Oregon Measure 67" target=_blank>Measure 67</a>, The Oregon Medical Marijuana Act, was approved by voters November 3, 1998 and became law December 3, 1998. It was amended by <a class=postlink href= title="Oregon HB 3052." target=_blank>House Bill 3052</a> in 1999, and by <a class=postlink href= title="Oregon Senate Bill 1085." target=_blank>Senate bill 1085</a>, in 2005.

Allows physicians to recommend for presumptive conditions and any other condition adopted by rule or approved pursuant to petition by the Department of Human Services. Sets up an advisory board. Sets up a <a class=postlink href= title="Click for Oregon's Medical Marijuana Website" target=_blank>state registry</a> and exempts registered patents and caregivers from state law for up to 6 mature and 12 immature plants, and 24 ounces of usable marijuana (not including stems and roots). No affirmative defense for amount in excess. Each registered grow site may produce cannabis for no more than 4 registered cardholders <u>per year</u>. Specifies additional requirements for patients under 18.

<span class=postbold><b>Prohibitions:</b></span> Driving under the influence. Use in a public place or view, or in a corretional facility. Diversion to non-medical patients or delivering <i>for consideration</i>. Cultivation at more than one address. Exempts employers from accomodating medical marijuana in the workplace and insurers for being required to reimburse.

<i>Attending physician</i> may be a doctor of medicine (MD) or a doctor of Osteopathy (DO) licensed under ORS Chapter 677, and <i>primary caregiver</i> must be over 18 and not the attending physician. Excludes the seeds and stalks and any derivative of them from <i>useable marijuana</i> and defines <i>seedling or start</i> as having no flowers and being less than 12 inches in height <u>and</u> diameter. Sets fee for ID card and renewal at $100 and $20 if applicant receives SSI or has a current eligibility statement for the Oregon Health Plan (OHP). Provides for registering grow sites: only 1 per patient and only in Oregon. Must provide name, address, date of birth, registry ID Card number and pass criminal background check. Prohibits grower for reimbursement for labor and any other costs except supplies and utilities. A grow site my produce for only 4 patients unless they (or their caregiver) also reside at the grow site. Gives 30 days to process application. If denied you cannot reapply for 6 months. You must notify the department within 7 days if you get well. Will suspend elgibility for 6 months for any violation of the rules.

<i>The State Public Health Officer of designee may make a final determination that a petition (for adding a diagnosis) is frivolous and deny the petition without further review.</i> If this is not done a panel of 5 to 7 members including the State Public Health Officer or designee and at least one patient and at least one patient advocate will make a recommendation to the department regarding approval or denial. The Department has 180 days after the receipt of a petition to make a final determination.</td></tr><tr><td class=postcell colspan=2><hr class=postrule></td></tr><tr><td class=postcell><span class=postbold><b><big>Rhode Island</big></b></span>
<ul class=postlist>
<li><a class=postlink href= title="Click for full text." target=_blank>Title 21 Chapter 28.6</a></li>

<li><a class=postlink href= target=_blank>Rules & Regulations</a></li>
</ul></td><td class=postcell><span class=postbold><b>Enacted:</b></span> January 3, 2006

Has the usual short list of presumptive diagnoses, requiring approval for any others. Allows anyone licensed to prescribe drugs to recommend cannabis. Requires primary caregiver to be 18 and limits primary caregiver to 5 patients and patients to 2 caregivers. Excludes seeds, stalks and roots from <i>useable marijuana</i>. Sets limits of 12 plants and 2.5 ounces. A primary caregiver may receive reimbrusement <i>for costs</i>. ID Cards of other states are equal to Rhode Island's ID Cards. Requires public notice of hearings on petitions to add debilitating conditions, and 180 days after petition to decide. The decision is final subject to judicial review in Superior Court. Denial of a petition shall not prevent a person with that condition from raising an affirmative defense. Requires annual reporting of how many applied, were approved, were denied, for what, and how many caregivers and practioners.

Sets a $10 fee for updating information and requires a new card be issued within 10 days of receipt of the change and the fee. If a patient fires a caregiver, <a class=postlink href= title="Click for Rhode Island's Medical Marijuana webpage" target=_blank>the department</a> has 10 days to notify the caregiver, and their protections expire 10 days after they receive notification. Lost cards will be replaced within 5 days for $10.

<span class=postbold><b>Prohibitions:</b></span> Smoking on public transit, in a school bus or on school grounds, in a correctional facility, in any public place, or while operating a motor vehicle. Solely having metabolites does not constitute being under the influence. Employers are not required to accomodate -use- in any workplace. Makes it a civil infraction to fail to report any changes and sets the maximum fine at $150. Requires suspension or termination for any state or local law enforcement who cooperates with federal law enforcement to investigate, arrest, prosecute or search a qualified patient or caregiver. Prohibits forfeiture of property and makes law enforcement liable for the fair market value of any marijuana they seize and do not return. Breaching a patient's confidentiality by -anyone- is punishable by up to 180 days in jail and $1,000.</td></tr><tr><td class=postcell colspan=2><hr class=postrule></td></tr><tr><td class=postcell><span class=postbold><b><big>Vermont</big></b></span>
<ul class=postlist>
<li><a class=postlink href="" title="Click for full text." target=_blank>Title 18, Part 5,<br>Chapter 86</a></li></ul></td><td class=postcell><span class=postbold><b>Enacted:</b></span> 2004 by the Vermont General Assembly as S.76.

Estalishes the <a class=postlink href= title="Click for Vermont's Medical Marijuana WebPage" target=_blank>Cannabis therapeutic research program</a> and registry for a short list of presumptive diagnoses and those uses prescribed by the commissioner by rule, if <i>"reasonable medical efforts have been made over a reasonable amount of time without success in relieving the symptoms."</i> Limits patient and caregiver (combined) to 1 plant, 2 clones, and 2 ounces (excluding seeds, stalks, and roots). Caregivers must be 21 or over and never convicted of a drug crime; 1 caregiver per patient and 1 patient per caregiver. The requirement 6-month physician/patient relationship can be waived if the onset is recent and there is no previous diagnoses from a previous physician. A review board of 3 physicians (appointed to 3-year terms, with per diem compensation) approves or denies applications by majority vote. Patients have 7 days to appeal. Card is $100. Renewal is the same and requires an application and approval.

<i><b>A law enforcement officer shall not be required to return marijuana or paraphernalia relating to its use seized from a registered patient or registered caregiver. (Added 2003, No. 135 (Adj. Sess.), § 1.)</i></b>

<span class=postbold><b>Prohibitions:</b></span> Being under the influence while operating a powered vehicle, in a workplace, or operating heavy machinery. Smoking in any public place including: public buses and vehicles, workplaces, school grounds, correctional facilities, parks, beachs, recreation centers, or youth centers.

Cultivation is restricted to 1 secure (locked) indoor facility per patient. Transportation must be in a locked container. Upon death, the patient's caregiver must return any plants and medicine to the department of public safety for disposal, or the next of kin must contact the department of public safety to get it.

The maximum penalty for providing false information is 1 year in jail and $1,000.</td></tr><tr><td class=postcell colspan=2><hr class=postrule></td></tr><tr><td class=postcell><span class=postbold><b><big>Washington</big></b></span>
<ul class=postlist>
<li><a class=postlink href= title="Chapter 69.51A RCW" target=_blank>Chapter 69.51A RCW</a></li></ul></td><td class=postcell><b><span class=postbold>Initiative</span></b>: <a class=postlink href= title="The Washington State Medical Use Of Marijuana Act" target=_blank>I-692</a> was passed by 59% of Washington voters November 3, 1998 and went into effect December 3, 1998.

Exempts qualified patients from prosecution for possession and use, caregivers, and doctors for assisting in this use. Limits caregivers to 1 patient. Sets limits at a <i>60-day supply</i>. Requires that standard medications have failed to relieve intractable pain and interocular pressure, and otherwise has the typical short list of 'presumptive' diagnoses. Other conditions require the approval of the Washington State Medical Quality Assurance Board. Patients or physicians may petition the board to add diagnoses. Public hearings are required and a decision must be made within 180 days. Decisions are final, subject to judicial review.

<span class=postbold><b>Prohibitions:</b></span> Use in public view is a misdemeanor and employers, schools, and youth centers are not required to accomodate use. Affirmative defense does not apply if operating a motor vehicle under the influence. Providing fradulent documentation or altering documentation is a Class C felony.</td></tr><tr><td class=postcell colspan=2><hr class=postrule></td></tr><tr><td class=postcell><span class=postbigbold>New Mexico</span></td><td class=postcell></td></tr></table>
Last edited by palmspringsbum on Tue May 16, 2006 7:06 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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